Type of Project
Open Competition

Jan-Mar 2021


Bala N, Ganesh Babu R P, Mona V, Preetika B, Radhakrishnan T R, Rohit Lahoti and Yash Gogri


Coimbatore City Municipal Corporation (CCMC) in collaboration and GIZ India (Supported by Taru Leading Edge – Habitat Design Studio and Urbanista)

Awards & Mentions
  • Second Prize | Co(vai) Design Competition
    (Click here) for more information regarding the competition.
Download Report Here

A circular framework to co-create a sustainable Coimbatore. 

Covai has developed from a humble village along R. Noyyal to an energized industrial hub. The city that grew concentrically around the Town Hall and lakes have expanded linearly along the arterials, inducing agglomeration and gentrification. As a responsive step forward complementing the United Nations sustainable development goals and Coimbatore SUD-SC vision we aim to foster integrated ward planning in Koundampalayam by leveraging the existing assets.

Living in uncertain times, the Covid-19 global pandemic has emphasized the need to co-create resilient, adaptive, and liveable communities. Circularity as the core lifestyle and planning value can synchronize our living systems and accelerate the goals of regenerative ecology, inclusive society, and a productive economy.

Hence, reciprocating to the challenges and responding to the assets at macro and micro scales, our proposal presents a replicable and scalable urban circularity model that leverages the loops of PEOPLE, WATER, FOOD, and ENERGY.

Circularity Toolbox 

The Circular framework comprises 4 loops, each bringing 4 guiding actions with 48 tool blocks that build the ‘CircularityToolbox’. Each tool block is mapped with the nature of the intervention (Open Space, Street, Building, Programming), scale of intervention (XL, L, M, S), and the representative ecological, social, and economic values that cumulatively represent the circularity coefficient.

The four loops and the guiding actions are the determinants of the circular paradigm.


  • People: Live-Move-Work-Engage
  • Water: Collect-Treat-Release-Restore
  • Food: Produce-Trade-Consume-Compost
  • Energy: Generate-Distribute-Utilize-Conserve

Strategic loops for Koundampalayam: Pilot – Expand – Activate

Circularity framework plan: The UDC site encompasses 5 subsites of distinct spatial character and urban form. The below listed are the assets for leveraging circularity across all 4 loops. 

  • People: Informal settlements, TNHB Apartment, Residential neighborhood in Subsite D, Mettupalayam Road, Jeeva Nagar Road
  • Water: Sanganoor canal, Govt. owned Open spaces
  • Food: Proposed MGR wholesale market, Residential communities
  • Energy: Solar Park, TNEB substation, Residential communities

On optimizing these assets, the strategic steps for Circularity vision have been phased as 3 stages: Piloting catalytic nodes, Expanding flow networks, and Activating loop systems. 

Piloting catalytic nodes (Phase 01) is for implementing demonstration projects in all subsites. The focus is on nurturing participatory practices, bringing visibility, and gathering stakeholder support. Below are the potential identified pilots.

  • Subsite A – Park rejuvenation (P5+P11+W5+E8)
  • Subsite B – Community retrofit (P1+P3+W9)
  • Subsite C – Market development (P4+P12+W1+F5+F6)
  • Subsite D – Neighbourhood renewal (P4+W3+F3)
  • Subsite E – Service & utility plug-ins (P1+P8+W5+F11)

Expanding flow networks (Phase 02) will connect the pilots, bring functional coherence, and scale up the impact through interventions including but not limited to NMT-prioritized street network, Bioswale and stormwater management circuit, Smart energy grid, and Market complex.

Phase 03 will activate systemic transformation across loops through institutional reforms, behavioral changes, and innovative urban resource management models. The Framework Plan for the UDC site and the subsite design sets the vision for Phase 03 with identified pilot catalysts for Phase 01. The networks and system outputs are dynamic and adaptive in nature.

Subsite C – City Market: The site for relocating Dr. MGR wholesale market is a city-level TRADE node in the food network which also activates adjoining residential neighborhoods through people’s plaza, street market, solid waste management (SWM) unit along Jeeva Nagar Road, and the community facilities for the informal settlements along the North-Eastern edge.

The market area has 3 zones: administrative & retail facilities(1), tomato and onion sections(2), and other vegetables section(3). Segment 1 shares active and porous edges for people to MOVE and ENGAGE. The parking space and the cleaning shed are clustered with the SMW unit for functional efficiency. Sloped roof surfaces GENERATE solar energy and COLLECT rainwater. The central court is part of the blue-green network which acts as a public space, hosting temporal activities. 

The SWM plinth will be the new public identity for Jeeva Nagar Road. The waste management system has been reimagined programmatically and visually, with segregating at source, waste processing & composting, waste-to-value product showcase, and promoting reuse as the key agenda. The relocation of the market will improve neighborhood-level safety, facilitate economic activities, and attract a healthy market.

Subsite D – Circular Neighbourhood: The 4 loops are articulated through 3 principles – retrofitting the existing fabric (Phase-01), infill development in blocks with scattered vacant plots (Phase-02), and greenfield development by pooling the Northern open lands (Phase-03). Inclusive and dense mobility network which prioritize walking, cycling, public transport, informal public transport — through public transit corridors, slow streets, shared streets, and NMT-only routes — ensures seamless connectivity for all users. The network of streets is punctuated with parklets, plazas, and community facilities to tie-up MOVE and ENGAGE activities. The blue-green lifeline, natural swale, stormwater ducts, pipes, and rainwater harvesting channels together COLLECT, TREAT, RELEASE, and RESTORE water.

The Net-Zero life blocks are scaled interventions in the food and energy loops for self-sufficient livability with nature & technology-based solutions — community farms, rooftop energy plants, edible landscapes, community waste management, and integrated smart appliances — which could be retrofitted within the existing development as well. Form-based development, mixed-use growth, healthy density, and clustered social infrastructure are kept at the core of spatial planning. 

Citizen-led Circularity

The tool blocks are assorted seeds that require careful selection and sequential nurturing, to enjoy the real benefits of circularity. Participatory approach that builds a shared vision in an informed manner is the key. The toolbox is not only a planning guide but a window for breaking down tough technical solutions through visual cues and local language to facilitate dialogue and enable co-creation. The toolbox can work as play cards for stakeholder gaming sessions and as cue cards for community story-telling sessions. 

Circular Covai:

The need for co-creating Koundampalayam, and largely Covai, is a  process that is participatory, inclusive, contextual, climate-responsive, interdisciplinary, and which can bridge the gap between institutional processes and community aspirations. The idea of engendering microsystems as PEOPLE, WATER, FOOD, and ENERGY loops would gradually scale-up across all the wards to embed Circular Covai – as a collective sustainable vision for the future.

Competition Sheets

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